presidente commissione europea 2020

In the long run, faster growth would undermine support for populists. Vești bune pentru fanii iPhone: compania anunță o revenire spectaculoasă, după un 2020 cu probleme. L'Allemand Walter Hallstein en devient le premier président. La popolare tedesca Ursula von der Leyen ha assunto questa carica il 1º dicembre 2019 e terminerà il suo mandato il 31 ottobre 2024. Poliitiline struktuur. Il représente également l'Union européenne lors de sommets internationaux (G7, G20...) ou bilatéraux, conjointement avec le président du Conseil européen. 8_commissione_eu ©2019-2020 DIARI BV . Un choix contesté, validé par une très courte majorité de députés européens. Elle joue un rôle central de garante envers « l'intérêt général » de lUE, ce qui fonde son monopole de linitiative législative. Most key decisions in the EU are taken by the Council of Ministers. And although the Commission initiates legislation, the Council and the Parliament revise and then have to pass each law. Join our Newsletter . Brexit and police and judicial co-operation: Too little, too late? Menu; Komiteest. Ceux-ci sont, dans la plupart des cas, soumis au Parlement européen et au Conseil de l'Union européenne puis appliqués dans les Etats membres. Share this page on: Facebook. Morten Messerschmidt (ECR), Member of the European Parliament:. Le site de référence sur les questions européennes, Présidence allemande du Conseil de l'Union européenne, Qu'est-ce que l'Union européenne ? Le mandat du président est de deux ans et demi, renouvelable une fois. The challenges facing Europe are far too serious for its leaders to risk the choice of a weak Commission president. Many of the Commission’s tasks require to it remain above party politics. A President Juncker would be seen as accountable to the EPP group in the Parliament. L'institution, centrale, est tout de suite dotée d'une présidence stable. Les traités et les institutions européennes en 3 minutes, Le processus de décision européen en 3 minutes, Le processus de décision de l'Union européenne. And because the EPP won the most MEPs (though many fewer than five years ago), they argue, the European Council should bow to the ‘popular will’ and anoint Juncker. 222).. 18 November 2020 Italy ratified the Council of Europe Convention on an Integrated Safety, Security and Service Approach at Football Matches and Other Sports Events (CETS No. Most of those who voted have never heard of Schulz or Juncker, which is not surprising, since they are obscure politicians to most people living outside Brussels. Qu'est-ce que le Comité européen des régions ? Cerca. Basée à Bruxelles, la Commission européenne compte actuellement un commissaire par Etat membre. Servizio. Il coordonne et dirige les travaux de l'institution, qui possède notamment l'initiative législative, contrôle la mise en place des politiques adoptées et représente l'Union européenne sur la scène internationale. (art. Unione europea, braccio di ferro Merkel-Macron su presidente della Commissione. The president must therefore be astute at building coalitions for change, explaining the benefits and ensuring help for those who may be disadvantaged. Indeed, that institution’s weakness is one cause of the EU’s travails, and thus, indirectly, of the rise of euroscepticism. La Commission européenne est la seule institution en mesure de proposer de nouveaux textes législatifs. En vertu des traités (article 15, paragraphe 5), le Conseil européen élit son président à la majorité qualifiée. Bruxelles, 13/06/2020 - L'intervento, in videoconfonferenza, della Presidente della Commissione Europea Ursula von der Leyen, nel corso della prima giornata di "Progettiamo il … Though the euro crisis has slipped out of the headlines, major problems remain: an ill-conceived focus on austerity that smothers demand; deflationary pressures in Southern Europe that the European Central Bank (ECB) has failed to tackle; barely sustainable levels of public debt in much of Southern Europe; the reluctance of some governments to commit to painful structural economic reforms; and Germany’s unwillingness to generate the domestic demand that would stimulate activity elsewhere in the eurozone. And because there is unlikely to be a new EU treaty in the next few years, EU leaders will find it hard to craft reforms within the existing treaties that look substantive. But in reality the appointment of Juncker rather than Schulz would make little difference to what the Commission does, even if they held significantly different views: either would be constrained by having to work with a broad coalition of 27 commissioners, from various parties, appointed by national governments. That would have serious implications for the Commission’s credibility and legitimacy as a regulator and enforcer of rules. (The UK does not intend to send a Commissioner to Brussels, reflecting Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s stated aim of leaving the EU on October 31, before the new Commission takes office, “come what may”.) Rather than humouring the Parliament by appointing a designated candidate, the European Council should appoint a strong president. Elle est toutefois indépendante des Etats, son rôle étant de "promouvoir l'intérêt général de l'Union" (art. The fourth and most important reason for the European Council to reject Spitzenkandidaten is that the quality of those running the EU is hugely important. Comment est "élu" le président de la Commission européenne ? Comment le Parlement européen prend-il ses décisions ? Walter Hallstein, the first President of the Commission Establishment. Get updates: RSS. Il prendra ses fonctions le 1er décembre 2019. The Commission has been poorly led, lacked focus and proposed too many regulations that are badly drafted. News (10380) Risultati da 1 a 10. Tipo . 08/12/2020 at 7:51am #ETCResearch: In a welcome update, our latest report forecasts a quicker rebound for domestic #travel in Europe, surpassing 2019 levels by 2022. Linkedin. Jean Pisani-Ferry’s excellent new book, ‘The euro crisis and its aftermath’, reveals that from January 2010 to June 2012, US Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner called the ECB president (whether Jean-Claude Trichet or Mario Draghi) 58 times, Wolfgang Schäuble (Germany’s finance minister) 36 times, Olli Rehn (the EU economics commissioner) 11 times and Juncker just twice. La Banque européenne pour la reconstruction et le développement (BERD), Articles sur le thème Commission européenne, les États membres qui soutiennent la proposition représentent au moins. Insieme al Presidente del Consiglio Europeo, rappresenta l'Unione Europea nelle relazioni internazionali. Il s'agit ainsi aujourd'hui de l'une des plus hautes fonctions de l'UE, avec le président du Conseil européen et le Haut représentant pour les Affaires étrangères. 30 May 2014. La presidente della Commissione Europea accusa l'UE: il Vecchio Continente si deve scusare con lo Stivale, garantendo il massimo della solidarietà Copyright is held by the Centre for European Reform. Whichever party wins the next British election, the UK is likely to demand major reforms to the way the EU works. Le Service européen pour l'action extérieure (SEAE), Le Tribunal de première instance de l'Union européenne. [6] The Commission's first president was Walter Hallstein (see Hallstein Commission) who started consolidating European law and began to impact on national legislation. Comment est élu le président du Parlement européen ? Publications, research projects, news & events. Car la gouvernance européenne et les modalités d'accession au pouvoir des dirigeants européens posent question. Au total, sa rémunération s'élève à un peu plus de 30 000 euros mensuels. 17 TUE). Regolamento di esecuzione (UE) 2020/601 della Commissione del 30 aprile 2020 recante misure di emergenza in deroga agli articoli 62 e 66 del regolamento (UE) n. 1308/2013 del Parl They argue that the recent elections gave voters a real choice – between Jean-Claude Juncker, the candidate of the centre-right European Peoples’ Party (EPP), Martin Schulz, the candidate of the Party of European Socialists, and those representing smaller groups. Oltre alla presidente della Confederazione, all'incontro avvenuto a Davos nell'ambito del World Economic Forum (WEF) hanno partecipato anche i consiglieri federali Ignazio … Par ailleurs, des débats autour d'une éventuelle fusion entre la présidence du Conseil européen et de la Commission - pour créer une sorte de "président de l'UE" - existent aujourd'hui parmi les experts afin de rendre l'exécutif européen plus lisible par les citoyens et plus visible dans le monde. Au sein des systèmes politiques, la Commission européenne possède cette originalité de représenter « l'intérêt général » tout en nétant pas issue du Parlement européen, élu, lui, au suffrage universel. En 2014, les eurodéputés en profitent pour imposer à la tête de la Commission européenne le chef de file ("Spitzenkandidat") du parti européen capable de rassembler une majorité d'eurodéputés. Particularly in the early years of the crisis, the Commission lacked the backbone to stand up to the ECB, Germany and other governments when they pursued harmful policies. Ils ont ainsi proposé le nom d'Ursula von der Leyen, qui n'a pas fait campagne lors des élections européennes. Juncker has considerable political experience, having been prime minister of Luxembourg from 1995 to 2013, but he left office under a minor cloud, having mismanaged a spy scandal. Pubblicato dopo il. (infographie). 234 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'UE). Secondo Barroso, presidente della Commissione europea, l'Europa sarà giudicata innanzi tutto dai suoi risultati. Qu'est-ce qu'une commission parlementaire du Parlement européen ? Il presidente della Commissione europea è colui che presiede e guida l'organo esecutivo europeo, vertice governativo dell'Unione Europea. Toutefois, il peut y avoir des réunions supplémentaires si la situation l'exige (à la suite d'un événement particulier, par exemple). Crédits : Union Européenne, 2019. Depuis le  traité de Lisbonne (2009), le Conseil européen doit "proposer" un candidat "en tenant compte" du résultat des élections européennes, à la majorité qualifiée renforcée. (vidéo). Some member-states will support its efforts. 28 October 2020. Others will be less enthusiastic, but after the European elections, fewer governments will be willing to say that ‘business as usual’ is acceptable. Change colors Reset colors Close. Advocates of this system also claim that it enables people to see a link between the way they vote and the faces running the EU. Source: EC - Service audiovisuel. The appointment of Juncker as Commission president would decrease the chances of keeping the British in the EU, since he (like Schulz) has an antagonistic relationship with them. 17 §7 TUE). A strong Commission requires a dynamic and effective president – one who can shake up the institution while retaining the confidence of both the Parliament and the member-states. She would bring her experience as a minister and at the IMF, her communications skills and her economic expertise to the job. Europa Business School is not a degree granting institution . Dans la pratique, ces réunions ont lieu tous les mercredis matin, à Bruxelles. So if advocates of Spitzenkandidaten lead electors to believe that their votes will change EU policy, through determining the Commission president, the result may soon be disillusionment. Those in office would have had to resign without any certainty of gaining the nomination or winning the presidency. President Juncker addressed the issue by establishing a “cluster” system, with seven Vice Presidents an… Chronically slow economic growth, and a euro crisis that is dormant but far from resolved, have undermined support for the EU – helping anti-establishment parties to win 20 per cent of the seats in the European elections. * Coping with the British problem. The Commission should be more careful not to create impediments to growth: it should improve the impact assessments that it carries out on draft laws, and resist the Parliament when it demands regulations that are unnecessary. D'après le règlement intérieur de la Commission, la rémunération du président est fixée à 138 % du traitement de base d'un fonctionnaire européen de grade 16 (soit près de 25 000 € par mois). Le 2 juillet 2019, les dirigeants de l'UE ont élu Charles Michelprésident du Conseil européen. These include Dalia Grybauskaite, Enda Kenny, Christine Lagarde, Fredrik Reinfeldt, Helle Thorning-Schmidt and Donald Tusk, respectively the leaders of Lithuania, Ireland, the IMF, Sweden, Denmark and Poland (other serious contenders, currently out of office, include Finland’s Jyrki Katainen, France’s Pascal Lamy and Italy’s Enrico Letta). Pubblicato prima del. 07:14 Un tren a lovit în plin o mașină de pasageri: mecanicul locomotivei era beat . C'est notamment le cas du Français Jacques Delors, qui donne une véritable stature "présidentielle" au rôle de président de la Commission. C'est avec le traité de Rome de 1957 qu'est créée la Commission européenne. Barometro regionale e locale annuale dell'UE; Priorità politiche 2020-2025; Sessioni plenarie; Ufficio di presidenza; Conferenza dei Presidenti; Pareri; Valutazioni d'impatto territoriale (VIT) Commissioni. In any case, electors cannot realistically choose between candidates without knowing who they are. Dans le cas contraire, "le Conseil européen, statuant à la majorité qualifiée [renforcée], propose, dans un délai d'un mois, un nouveau candidat, qui est élu par le Parlement européen selon la même procédure." Qu'est-ce que la Banque européenne d'investissement (BEI) ? Search this website. The Commission president will face a Herculean task: constructing an agenda for reform that helps to keep the UK in the EU, but at the same time is acceptable to 27 other governments. On 15 December, the ITRE Committee will invite Ms Kadri Simson, Commissioner for Energy, on the revision of Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure (TEN-E … Insight. Winner of the Prospect 2015 Think Tank of the Year Award - UK International Affairs. Il coordonne et dirige les travaux de l'institution, qui possède notamment l'initiative législative, contrôle la mise en place des politiques adoptées et représente l'Union européenne sur la scène internationale. d'améliorer votre expérience utilisateur. E spuntano Barnier e la Vestager it italiano. Selon José Manuel Durão Barroso, le président de la Commission européenne , l'Europe sera jugée avant tout sur ses résultats. Les groupes d'intérêt, qui représentent des intérêts catégoriels publics ou privés, jouent un rôle important dans le … 11-12-2020 - 11:58. Schulz’s executive experience is limited to being mayor of a small German town. Parole chiave. The Commission’s priorities should include: * Boosting economic growth. 1 December 2020 Ukraine ratified the Protocol amending the Additional Protocol to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons (CETS No. Pubblicato prima del. Americans choose their president: Europe must live with the consequences. As chairman of the Eurogroup, from 2008 to 2013, he can hardly be blamed for the eurozone crisis. Elles ont lieu au moins une fois par semaine, conformément au règlement intérieur de la Commission. Suppose that the centre-right Spanish government broke eurozone budget rules, and that the Commission treated it softly; the institution would be accused of political bias. Le Parlement peut de la même manière mettre fin au mandat de la Commission par le vote d’une motion de censure à la majorité des deux tiers des voix exprimées et à la majorité de ses membres (art. Charles Grant Twitter. The member-states have not reacted in the same way to Russia’s meddling in Ukraine: some worry about their military security, others fear for their energy supplies; some want the EU to prioritise human rights, others believe that engagement assists moderate voices within the Russian system. This means that the president probably has to come from the party – or group of parties – that can muster the largest number of MEPs. The EU treaties are clear: when the European Council chooses the Commission president, it should take into account the European elections; MEPs then have to approve that choice. 218). * Restoring the eurozone to health. “There is no overall vision for Europe at the moment. Europe needs a strong Africa, but will it work to achieve one? Lascia questo campo vuoto se sei umano: Europa Business School. But the system of Spitzenkandidaten discouraged heavyweight leaders from putting their names forward. Le 1er novembre 2019, Ursula von der Leyen deviendra la treizième présidente de la Commission européenne, mais surtout la première femme à occuper le poste. First, the two leading candidates did not offer voters a real choice. Presentation by Commissioner Simson on the revision of TEN-E Regulation. Pour pallier un processus de nomination considéré comme trop peu démocratique, le traité de Lisbonne (2009) donne un réel rôle à jouer au Parlement. You may not copy, reproduce, republish or circulate in any way the content from this publication except for your own personal and non-commercial use.Any other use requires the prior written permission of the Centre for European Reform. Il perçoit également un certain nombre d'indemnités (remboursement des frais de voyage, indemnité transitoire, allocation logement, par exemple). Juncker and Schulz hold similar views, supporting more powers for the EU without wanting to change much in the way that it works. Filtra per. Cerca. “There’s not much we can do but wait and see what happens,” said a senior French diplomat involved in the deliberations. European Commission's recommendations on the national Strategic Plans (Dec. 1st) 01-12-2020 - 10:42 Commissioner Janusz Wojciechowski, responsible for agriculture, presented the Commission’s recommendations to the Member States on the national Strategic Plans under the current CAP while the next CAP is under negotiation by the co-legislators. La Cour de Justice de l'Union européenne (CJUE). Of the potential candidates from the centre-right, Christine Lagarde is among the strongest (though apparently François Hollande would rather not have her as president). If the debates had featured not only Tsipras but also, say, Angela Merkel, Silvio Berlusconi, Nicolas Sarkozy and Marine Le Pen – politicians who have made an impact outside their homelands – many millions might have watched. 07:02 În ultimele zile de mandat, Donald Trump amenință că-și va utiliza dreptul de VETO . Several plausible candidates for the presidency – some with fresher faces than the designated candidates – held back from seeking nomination. Au cœur des décisions européennes : le rôle des Etats... Histoire de l'Union économique et monétaire et de l'euro. The treaties, however, say nothing about Spitzenkandidaten. Utilisation des fonds de l'UE : à quoi sert la Cour des comptes européenne ? Non abbiamo soltanto il tempo delle interrogazioni con il presidente della Commissione europea, ma anche il tempo delle interrogazioni con i commissari, un invito da parte del presidente della Commissione europea al presidente del Parlamento europeo e al Collegio dei membri […] della Commissione, e la nostra collaborazione comune con i parlamenti nazionali, il che è molto importante. The EU cannot tackle such problems without a strong European Commission – the body that defines the common interest, helps to forge common policies and polices the rules. Une fois les actes législatifs adoptés, la Commission européenne veille à leur application, sous le contrôle de la Cour de justice de l'UE (CJUE). Bruxelles, Luxembourg, Strasbourg : où siègent les institutions européennes ? * Encouraging the 28 to forge a common response to a more assertive Russia. La présidente de la Commission européenne Ursula von der Leyen, élue le … Qu'est-ce que la procédure législative ordinaire ? Conseil européen, Conseil de l'UE, Conseil de l'Europe : comment les distinguer ? Only the most dynamic of Commission presidents, such as Jacques Delors, have been able to make much difference. En outre, le président de la Commission est chargé de représenter l'institution lors des réunions du Conseil européen (sans prendre part au vote) ainsi que dans les grands débats au Parlement européen et au Conseil. Le président de la Commission européenne est chargé de : Par ailleurs, un membre de la Commission (dont le Haut représentant de l'Union pour les Affaires étrangères et la politique de sécurité) peut présenter sa démission à la demande du président. Les décisions y sont prises en collège, et souvent de manière consensuelle : tous les commissaires ont le même poids dans la prise de décision. That would strengthen the Commission as a whole. A metà luglio il Parlamento europeo ha eletto Ursula Von der Leyen come nuovo presidente della Commissione europea. Toutefois, ce système n'a pas été reconduit en 2019. Depuis le 1er décembre 2019, la présidence de l'institution est assurée par l'Allemande Ursula von der Leyen. Le rôle du président du Conseil européen 2… Elle constitue surtout l'organe "exécutif" de l'Union européenne. Nel suo discorso di 20 pagine intitolato "La mia agenda per l'Europa" ha espresso la sua visione della prossima Commissione europea 2019-2024. 1. Ursula Von Der Leyen: présidente de la commission européenne. Contrairement à 2014, les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement ont souhaité reprendre la main sur la nomination du président de la Commission européenne en 2019. Furthermore, the Commission has little executive power, except in a few areas like competition policy. The Commission is developing sensible ideas for improving the EU’s energy security – including boosting energy efficiency, accessing alternative energy sources, building gas and electricity connections between member-states and co-ordinating the member-states’ negotiation of gas contracts with third parties – but will need drive and determination to persuade national governments to adopt them. Nevertheless he lacked the clout to stand up to the big member-states, when the eurozone made mistakes, and was out of the loop at many key moments. The present Commission was established by the Treaty of Rome in 1957; it also replaced the High Authority and the Commission of Euratom in 1967. European short-haul arrivals will reach 2019 levels by 2023, compared to 2025 for the long-haul. President Biden: Don't expect miracles, Europe. Charles Grant is director of the Centre for European Reform. La présidente de la Commission européenne Ursula von der Leyen, élue le 16 juillet 2019 au Parlement européen. Tu sei qui: Home; News; News. Some of these measures would be unpopular. A third problem with Spitzenkandidaten is that this idea would make the Commission more party-political, at least in terms of perceptions. Celle-ci est atteinte lorsque : Le candidat désigné par le Conseil doit ensuite être approuvé par le Parlement européen "à la majorité des membres qui le composent". European leaders should not indulge the Parliament by tolerating its attempted power-grab. Le président dirige les réunions de la Commission et en fixe l’ordre du jour, lié au programme de travail annuel de la Commission. Le président de la Commission européenne joue un rôle clé dans le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne. L'organisation de la Commission européenne, Biographie : Jean-Claude Juncker, président de la Commission européenne, Isabelle Jégouzo : "quand l'Europe parle d'une seule voix, elle se fait entendre", [Dossier] La Commission Ursula von der Leyen (2019 - 2024), Qu'est-ce que le Parlement européen ? Yet many intelligent and serious pro-Europeans want the Commission’s next president to be chosen by a method that is bound to weaken it. Parlement européen : que font les députés lors des sessions plénières ? This is the system of Spitzenkandidaten, or designated candidates, promoted by the European Parliament and the main pan-European political parties. Elections européennes 2019 : mode d'emploi, La présidence tournante du Conseil de l'Union européenne. De surcroît, elle gère les politiques de l'UE et alloue les financements européens : elle fixe les priorités budgétaires de l'UE, établit les budgets annuels (qui doivent être approuvés par le Parlement et le Conseil), et contrôle la façon dont les fonds sont utilisés. Vaccin contre le Covid-19 : quel rôle joue l'Union... [Revue de presse] Numérique : un ambitieux plan pour réguler... Brexit : tous les événements depuis le référendum, Défense commerciale : les instruments européens, [Infographie] La procédure législative de l'Union européenne. Pubblicato dopo il. The new European Commission: which president, and what priorities? The televised debates among the presidential candidates generated little interest in most member-states, perhaps because they were between largely unknown and uninspiring figures – the exception being Alexis Tsipras, the far left’s designated candidate, who has some charisma. In order to maximise Europe’s leverage vis-à-vis Russia, the Commission should work with the European External Action Service and the key member-states to herd the 28 towards a coherent approach. All'avvio del suo mandato, il presidente della Commissione Europea Jean-Claude Juncker aveva identificato la reindustrializzazione d'Europa come una delle priorità, confermando l'obiettivo di una quota di manifattura al 20% del PIL entro il 2020. Komitee president; Endised presidendid; Asepresident teabevahetuse alal A wave of europhobic sentiment may carry Britain out of the EU, while Russia is becoming a more menacing neighbour. L'Eurogroupe, organe décisif de la zone euro, Le Comité économique et social européen (CESE), Comité économique et social européen : 60 ans et une présence réaffirmée auprès des institutions. The EU has probably never faced greater challenges. Presidente; Primo vicepresidente; Segretario generale; Servizio Protocollo ; Gare di appalto; Opportunità di lavoro; Tirocini; Attività. Your details will not be shared with third parties. Twitter. Applica Cancella filtri. The Commission should propose to extend the single market (especially in services and the digital economy), negotiate more trade deals with other parts of the world, support the best research in the EU and invest in crucial infrastructure like energy transmission. Home - Commissione europea.

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